According to the Merriam Webster online dictionary, plagiarism is the act of using another person's words or ideas without giving credit to that person. To plagiarise is:

  • to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own
  • to use (another's production) without crediting the source
  • to commit literary theft: present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source Plagiarism is an act of fraud involving the theft of someone else's work and lying about it.


(source: http://www.library.up.ac.za/plagiarism/index.htm )

  • Verbatim Material - is copied word for word with no acknowledgement to the source of the text.
  • Straight plagiarism - Changes capitalisation or sentence structure. A word may be added or deleted. Citation is inadequate or the author is not cited at all.
  • Patch writing - Copying a few sentences from different sources
  • Collusion - Using another student's [researcher's] work with their permission
  • Ghost writing - Work written by someone else is presented as own 8. Make up referencing False details about the source or author

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